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HomePoems > Kubla Khan > Sources > James Bruce > 3. Another discovery of the source of the Nile                           

 

 

1. Approaching the source of the Nile

2. Source of the Nile

3. Another discovery of the source of the Nile

4. Nile twisting and turning

5. Abyssinia

6. Abola

7. Astaboras River

8. Floating hair

9. Prophecies of war

James Bruce

3. Another discovery of the source of the Nile

Here's another narrative from someone claiming to have discovered the source of the Nile--Father Peter Paez, who says he stumbled on the two fountains on April 21, 1618.

Paez's narrative had been anthologized by Athanasius Kircher, and Bruce translates from Kircher's book into English.

In a way, the tale re-enforces Bruce's own description, with water forcing itself out with great violence, and land floating dangerously above water, with fountains.

Text

Bruce, translating Father Peter Paez, S. I, Historia Aethiopiae, Rome, 1905, II, 256 ff.

The second fountain lies about a stone-cast west from the first: the inhabitants say that this whole mountain is full of water, and add, that the whole plain about the fountain is floating and unsteady, a certain mark that there is water concealed under it; for which reason, the water does not overflow at the fountain, but forces itself with great violence out at the foot of the mountain. The inhabitants…maintain that that year it trembled little on account of the drought, but other years, that it trembled and overflowed so as that it could scarce be approached without danger. Bruce, III p. 619-620

Other sources

William Bartram
William Beckford
F. Bernier
Thomas Burnet
William Collins
Herodotus
Athanasius Kircher
Jerome Lobo
Thomas Maurice
John Milton
Pausanias
Samuel Purchas
Major James Rennell
Seneca
Strabo
Virgil

Mary Wollstonecraft

 
Word Line # Line Sources for word
Floating

50

His flashing eyes, his floating hair!

 Bernier 3
 Bruce 3
 Bruce 8

Forced

19

A mighty fountain momently was forced

 Bartram 7
 Bernier 2
 Bruce 3
 Bruce 7
 Kircher 1
 Strabo 2

Fountain

19

A mighty fountain momently was forced

 Bartram 4
 Bartram 5
 Bartram 6

 Bartram 7

 Bartram 8
 Beckford
 Bernier 2
 Bernier 4
 Bruce 1
 Bruce 2
 Bruce 3
 Burnet 1
 Herodotus
 Maurice 2
 Milton 4
 Pausanias
 Rennell
 Seneca 1
 Virgil
 Wollstonecraft

 

34

From the fountain and the caves

 Bartram 4
 Bartram 5
 Bartram 6

 Bartram 7

 Bartram 8
 Beckford
 Bernier 2
 Bernier 4
 Bruce 1
 Bruce 2
 Bruce 3
 Burnet 1
 Herodotus
 Maurice 2
 Milton 4
 Pausanias
 Rennell
 Seneca 1
 Virgil
 Wollstonecraft

Tumult

28

And sank in tumult to a lifeless ocean

 Bartram 8
 Bruce 3
 Purchas 2

 

29

And ‘mid this tumult Kubla heard from far

 Bartram 8
 Bruce 3
 Purchas 2

       

Latin Text in Athanasius Kircher, Oedipus Aegyptiacus, Rome 1652, I, 57-58, as recorded by Lowes, p. 589.

Secundus fons vergit a primo in orientem ad iactum lapidis, huius profunditatem explorantes, immissa lancea 12 palmorum, fundum nullum invenimus; colligatisque duabus lanceis 20 palmorum, denuo rem tenativimus, sed nec sic fundum tenere potuimus, dicuntque incolae, totum montem plenum aquis, cuius hoc signum dabant, quod tota circa fontem planities tremula erat et bulliens, manifestum latentis aquae vestigium, eandemque ob causam non redundant aqua ad fontem, sed ad radices impetus maximo sese egerit; affirmabantque incolae…eo anno terram parum tremuisse ob magnam anni siccatatem, aliis vero annis ita tremere et bulliere, ut vix since periculo adire liceat.

Word Line # Line Sources for word
Beware

49

And all should cry, Beware! Beware!

 Bruce 3
 Bruce 8

Forced

19

A mighty fountain momently was forced

 Bartram 7
 Bernier 2
 Bruce 3
 Bruce 7
 Kircher 1
 Strabo 2

Fountain

19

A mighty fountain momently was forced

 Bartram 4
 Bartram 5
 Bartram 6
 Bartram 8
 Beckford
 Bernier 2
 Bernier 4
 Bruce 1
 Bruce 2
 Bruce 3
 Burnet 1
 Herodotus
 Maurice 2
 Milton 4
 Pausanias
 Rennell
 Seneca 1
 Virgil
 Wollstonecraft

 

34

From the fountain and the caves

 Bartram 4
 Bartram 5
 Bartram 6
 Bartram 8
 Beckford
 Bernier 2
 Bernier 4
 Bruce 1
 Bruce 2
 Bruce 3
 Burnet 1
 Herodotus
 Maurice 2
 Milton 4
 Pausanias
 Rennell
 Seneca 1
 Virgil
 Wollstonecraft

Tumult

28

And sank in tumult to a lifeless ocean

 Bartram 8
 Bruce 3
 Purchas 2

 

29

And ‘mid this tumult Kubla heard from far

 Bartram 8
 Bruce 3
 Purchas 2

Links to

Beware 49 (from danger???)

Enchanted 14

Forced 19

Green hill 13

Tumult 28

   

 

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