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HomePoems > Kubla Khan > Sources > William Bartram > 4. Swelling Green Knoll                           

 

 

1. The Serpentine Rivulet

2. Isle of Palms

3. Gordonia Lasianthus

4. Swelling Green Knoll

5. Crystal Fountain

6. Subterranean River

7. Manatee Springs

8. Alligator Hole

William Bartram:

4. Swelling Green Knoll

Lowes figures that Coleridge read the following description of a green hill and a fragrant grove next to an "enchanting" fountain bubbling up in a spring, because, in Bartram, the passage appears just eight pages after the purple prose about the Isle of Palms.

Lowes sees "associative links" between the two passages, particularly the greenery and the aromatic groves of magnolias, and orange trees.

Lowes quotes citations in Coleridge's Note Book and one of Coleridge's letters as evidence that before Kubla Khan the two green and fragrant spots full of trees and flowers had coalesced in Coleridge's memory.

Text

I seated myself upon a swelling green knoll, at the head of the chrystal bason. Near me, on the left, was a point or projection of an entire grove of the aromatic Illisium Floridanum; on my right and all around behind me, was a fruitful Orange grove, with Palms and Magnolias interspersed; in front, just under my feet was the inchanting and amazing chrystal fountain. --Bartram, p. 165.  

 

Other sources

William Beckford
F. Bernier
James Bruce
Thomas Burnet
William Collins
Herodotus
Athanasius Kircher
Jerome Lobo
Thomas Maurice
John Milton
Pausanias
Samuel Purchas
Major James Rennell
Seneca
Strabo
Virgil

Mary Wollstonecraft

 

 
Word Line # Line Sources for word

Enchanted

14

A savage place! As holy and enchanted

 Bartram 2
 Bartram 4
 Bartram 5
 Bruce 1
 Collins

Fountain

19

A mighty fountain momently was forced

 Bartram 4
 Bartram 5
 Bartram 6
 
Bartram 7
 
Bartram 8
 Beckford
 Bernier 2
 Bernier 4
 Bruce 1
 Bruce 2

 Bruce 3

 Burnet 1
 Herodotus
 Maurice 2
 Milton 4
 Pausanias
 Rennell
 Seneca 1
 Virgil
 Wollstonecraft

 

34

From the fountain and the caves

 Bartram 4
 Bartram 5
 Bartram 6

 Bartram 7

 Bartram 8
 Beckford
 Bernier 2
 Bernier 4
 Bruce 1
 Bruce 2

 Bruce 3

 Burnet 1
 Herodotus
 Maurice 2
 Milton 4
 Pausanias
 Rennell
 Seneca 1
 Virgil
 Wollstonecraft

Green

13

Down the green hill athwart a cedarn cover

 Bartram 1
 Bartram 3
 Bartram 4
 Bernier 1
 Bruce 2
 Milton 1

Greenery

11

Enfolding sunny spots of greenery

 Bartram 1
 Bartram 3
 Bartram 4
 Bernier 1
 Bruce 2
 Milton 1

Incense-bearing

9

Where blossomed many an incense-bearing tree

 Bartram 2
 Bartram 3
 Bartram 4
 Beckford
 Bernier 2
 Milton 2
 Milton 4

 

Round 7 With walls and towers were girdled round  Bartram 4
 Collins

 Milton 2
  51 Weave a circle round him thrice  Bartram 4
 Collins

 Milton 2
   

 

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