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1. Mingled measure of a haunted stream

William Collins

William Collins' fuzzy poetry excited Coleridge so much that he made plans to do an edition of the works of Gray and Collins (Lowes 399). And in a letter to Thelwall, in December 1796, Coleridge wrote.

Collins's 'Ode on the Poetical Character,'-that part of it, I should say, beginning with 'The band (as faery legends say) Was wove on that creating day,'-has inspired and whirled me along with greater agitations of enthusiasm than any the most impassioned scene in Schiller or Shakespeare.
--Letters, I, 196

 

1: Mingled measure of a haunted stream

Coleridge's ear seems to have overcome his reason when he read Collins' "The Passions." Collins is a very pretty poet, but he often seems to be annotating a charming fancy from Milton, assigning a particular place to an unlikely event, pouring more energy into the melody than the action. Like Swinburne, Collins makes better sound than sense.

But Coleridge's love of verbal music may have led him to memorize some passages of Collins, and to imitate his meters. In that process, yes, he may have internalized the vision of a holy place, haunted by a melody echoed from the woods and stream. Did Coleridge borrow the imagery, as well as the complex rhythm?

Text

In notes by distance made more sweet,
Pour'd thro the mellow horn her pensive soul:
And, dashing soft from rocks around
Bubbling runnels join'd the sound;
Thro' glades and glooms the mingled measure stole;
Or o'er some haunted stream, with fond delay
Round an holy calm diffusing,
Love of peace and lonely musing,
In hollow murmurs died away.
--The Passions, II, 60-68
Word Line # Line Sources for word
Haunted

15

As e’er beneath a waning moon was haunted

 Collins

Holy

14

A savage place! As holy and enchanted

 Bartram 2
 Bruce 2
 Bruce 9
 Collins
 Purchas 2
 Rennell

 

52

And close your eyes with holy dread,

 Bartram 2
 Bruce 2
 Bruce 9
 Collins
 Purchas 2
 
Rennell

Measure

33

Where was heard the mingled measure

 Collins

Mingled

33

Where was heard the mingled measure

 Collins
 Pausanias
 Virgil

Rocks

23

And ‘mid these dancing rocks at once and ever

 Bartram 5
 Bartram 6
 Bartram 7
 Bartram 8

 Bruce 2
 Bruce 7

 Collins
 Milton 6
 Wollstonecraft
 

Round 7 With walls and towers were girdled round  Bartram 4
 Collins

 Milton 2
  51 Weave a circle round him thrice  Bartram 4
 Collins

 Milton 2

Other sources

William Bartram
William Beckford
F. Bernier
James Bruce
Thomas Burnet
Herodotus
Athanasius Kircher
Jerome Lobo
Thomas Maurice
John Milton
Pausanias
Samuel Purchas
Major James Rennell
Seneca
Strabo
Virgil

Mary Wollstonecraft

 

     

 

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