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HomePoems > Kubla Khan > Sources > James Bruce > 6. Abola                           

 

 

1. Approaching the source of the Nile

2. Source of the Nile

3. Another discovery of the source of the Nile

4. Nile twisting and turning

5. Abyssinia

6. Abola

7. Astaboras River

8. Floating hair

9. Prophecies of war

 

James Bruce

6. Abola

The Abola is a river flowing through a wide plain, contributing to the Nile, and Lowes feels that Bruce's constant reference to the Abola may have been transformed, in Coleridge's mind, into the Abora of the poem, even though that is a mountain, not a river.

Rather portentously, Lowes says:

Between pages 580 and 588 occurs fifteen times-six times on page 587 alone-a name which has not appeared before. It is that of the river, or valley, or plain of Abola.
Of course, he confesses,
"I am aware that to some of my readers all this ado about a name will be regarded as the veriest trifling."376
Personally, I can accept that in the twilight state, Coleridge may have recalled the name, and made it more musical, and plaintive.

Text:

The river Abola comes out of the valley between two ridges of mountains of Litchambara and Aformasha, the Mountains of the Moon, or the Montes Lunae of antiquity, at the foot of which the Nile was said to rise.
-- III, 582-3

Other sources

William Bartram
William Beckford
F. Bernier
Thomas Burnet
William Collins
Herodotus
Athanasius Kircher
Jerome Lobo
Thomas Maurice
John Milton
Pausanias
Samuel Purchas
Major James Rennell
Seneca
Strabo
Virgil

Mary Wollstonecraft

 
Word Line # Line Sources for word
Abora

41

Singing of Mount Abora

 Bruce 6
 Bruce 7
 Kircher 4
 Milton 6

 Purchas 5

 

Moon

15

As eer beneath a waning moon was haunted

Bruce 6
Maurice 1
Maurice 2

Purchas 5

Wollstonecraft

River

3

Where Alph, the sacred river, ran

 Bartram 3
 Bartram 6
 Beckford
 Bernier 1
 Bernier 2
 Bernier 3
 Bernier 5
 
Bruce 2
 Bruce 4
 Bruce 6
 Burnet 1
 Kircher 1
 Kircher 3
 Maurice 1
 Milton 4
 Pausanias
 Rennell
 Seneca 1
 Strabo 1
 Strabo 2

 Virgil

 

24

It flung up momently the sacred river

 Bartram 3
 Bartram 6
 Beckford
 Bernier 1
 Bernier 2
 Bernier 3
 Bernier 5
 Bruce 2

 Bruce 4
 Bruce 6
 Burnet 1
 Kircher 1
 Kircher 3
 Maurice 1
 Milton 4
 Pausanias
 Rennell
 Seneca 1
 Strabo 1
 Strabo 2

 Virgil

 

26

Through wood and dale the sacred river ran

 Bartram 3
 Bartram 6
 Beckford
 Bernier 1
 Bernier 2
 Bernier 3
 Bernier 5
 Bruce 2

 Bruce 4
 Bruce 6
 
Burnet 1
 
Kircher 1
 Kircher 3
 Maurice 1
 Milton 4
 Pausanias
 Rennell
 Seneca 1
 Strabo 1
 Strabo 2

 Virgil

 

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